Technical note: Characterization and practical applications of a novel plastic scintillator for online dosimetry for an ultrahigh dose rate (FLASH)

Although FLASH radiation therapy is a promising novel technique, the ultrahigh pulsed dose rates mean that experimental dosimetry is very challenging. The plastic scintillator shows a linear and reproducible response and is able to accurately measure the radiation absorbed dose delivered by 16-MeV electrons at UHPDR. The dose is measured accurately in real time with a greater level of precision than that achieved with a radiochromic film.

Med Phys. 2022
Y.Poirier (1,2), J.Xu (1), S.Mossahebi (1), F.Therriault-Proulx (3), A.Sawant (1) | 1- Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Maryland, USA, 2- Department of Medical Physics, McGill University, Quebec, Canada, 3- MEDSCINT, Quebec, Canada

Novel Plastic Scintillator for Online Dosimetry in Electron FLASH-RT

The accurate delivery of electrons at FLASH-RT dose rates in radiobiological experiments require new dosimeters that are capable of accurately measuring the radiation dose delivered at >0.55 Gy per pulse (>100 Gy/s) in real-time. The novel HYPERSCINT RP100 plastic dosimeter was able to accurately measure the delivered radiation absorbed dose under characterization and biological experimental conditions, with a higher degree of reliability than conventional radiochromic film. Furthermore, it was shown to directly and accurately measure the number of pulses delivered in real time. This shows potential for use as a real-time in-vivo dosimeter during biological experiments, as well as potential clinical applications.

Y.Poirier (1), J.Xu (1), A.Ahmady (1), S.Mossahebi (1), H.Zhang (1), F.Therriault-Proulx (2), A.Sawant (1) | 1- University of Maryland School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA , 2- MEDSCINT, QC, CANADA

FLASH Irradiation of Drosophila Melanogaster Using Low Energy X-Rays

To investigate the capability of low energy x-rays to elicit the FLASH effect, Drosophila melanogaster larvae were irradiated with ultrahigh dose-rate and conventional radiotherapy dose rates using an inexpensive x-ray tube system. Dosimetry was performed with plastic scintillators and radiochromic film, and the differential survival observed in this work suggests that continuous 120 kVp x-rays can induce a FLASH effect.

A.Hart, J.Dudzic, J.Eby, S.Perlman, M.Bazalova-Carter | University of Victoria, Victoria, BC ,CA

Quantifying the DNA-damaging Effects of FLASH Irradiation With Plasmid DNA

The objective is to investigate a plasmid DNA nicking assay approach for isolating and quantifying the DNA-damaging effects of ultrahigh-dose-rate (ie FLASH) irradiation relative to conventional dose-rate irradiation. The doses and dose rates were verified independently using EBT-XD Gafchromic film placed directly above the DNA-based phantom and HYPERSCINT high temporal resolution plastic scintillator placed immediately beside the DNA phantoms (both phantoms had been previously calibrated at conventional dose rates and validated at FLASH-RT dose rates).

A.Perstin (1), Y.Poirier (2), A.Sawant (2), M.Tambasco (1) | 1- Department of Physics, San Diego State University, CA, USA, 2- Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Maryland School of Medicine, Maryland, USA

Characterization of an x‐ray tube‐based ultrahigh dose‐rate system for in vitro irradiations.

To present an x-ray tube system capable of in vitro ultrahigh dose-rate (UHDR) irradiation of small < 0.3 mm samples and to characterize it by means of a plastic scintillation detector (PSD).

Med Phys. 2021
D.Cecchi (1), F.Therriault-Proulx (2), S.Lambert-girard (2), A.Hart (1), A.Macdonald (1), M.Pfleger (1), M.Lenckowski (1), M.Bazalova-Carter (1) | Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Victoria, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, MedScint, QC, CA