While scintillation dosimetry has been around for decades, the need for a dosimeter tailored to the reality of modern radiation therapy-in particular a real-time, water-equivalent, energy-independent dosimeter with high spatial resolution-has generated renewed interest in scintillators over the last 10 years. This topical review is intended to provide the medical physics community with a wide overview of scintillation physics, related optical concepts, and applications of plastic scintillation dosimetry.
The properties of a new scintillation detector system for use in dosimetry of high-energy beams in radiotherapy have been measured. The most important properties of these detectors are their hgh spatial resolution and their nearly water-equivalence.
A minimally perturbing plastic scintillation detector has been developed for the dosimetry of high-energy beams in radiotherapy. The detector system consists of two identical parallel sets of radiation-resistant optical fibre bundles, each connected to independent photomultiplier tubes.
Plastic scintillation detectors work well for radiation dosimetry. However, they show some temperature dependence, and a priori knowledge of the temperature surrounding the plastic scintillation detectors is required to correct for this dependence.
The purpose is to present commissioning data for the MOBETRON electron radiation therapy system (IntraOp) at ultra-high dose rate using the HYPERSCINT plastic scintillation detector. The suitability of using a plastic scintillator as an active dosimeter for commissioning measurements of an ultra-high dose rate electron beam has been demonstrated (reference dosimetry, DPP, beam penetration, linearity with number of pulses, linearity with PW and short-term output stability).
The objective is to investigate a plasmid DNA nicking assay approach for isolating and quantifying the DNA-damaging effects of ultrahigh-dose-rate (ie FLASH) irradiation relative to conventional dose-rate irradiation. The doses and dose rates were verified independently using EBT-XD Gafchromic film placed directly above the DNA-based phantom and HYPERSCINT high temporal resolution plastic scintillator placed immediately beside the DNA phantoms (both phantoms had been previously calibrated at conventional dose rates and validated at FLASH-RT dose rates).
To examine the capabilities of plastic scintillator dosimeters (PSDs) to accurately measure FLASH radiotherapy dose rates delivered with an x-ray tube.