Very high energy electron (VHEE) beams with energies greater than 100 MeV may be promising candidates for FLASH radiotherapy due to their favourable dose distributions and accessibility of ultrahigh dose-rates (UHDR). The standard dosimeters used for conventional radiotherapy, including ionization chambers and film, have limited application to UHDR radiotherapy due to deficits in dose rate independence and temporal resolution. The performance of PSDs in this work suggest they may be useful real-time dosimeters for applications in UHDR VHEE radiotherapy.
The article introduces M-TAG, a Geant4-based simulation tool for various physics applications, comparing it with similar tools like GATE, TOPAS, and GAMOS. M-TAG was employed to model and validate the HYPERSCINT detector’s performance. Additionally, it was used as an educational tool to teach a new user how to simulate and test the Hyperscint detector using Geant4.
The temperature dependence of four inorganic scintillation detectors was examined spectrally using the HYPERSCINT Research Platform 200 under 6 MV photon irradiations from a LINAC. After varying only the temperature of the detectors, all scintillators demonstrated linearity when the change in photon counts with temperature in the full-width at half maximum of their spectrum are integrated. Establishing the magnitude of the temperature dependence of the materials is critical to decide whether correction factors are required. This is especially true in applications such as brachytherapy, where detectors equilibrise to body temperature.
Optical innovation meets clinical translation : in the vanguard of adaptive MR/RT research effort, the UMC Utrecht research team works with plastic scintillation detectors to bring MR-Linac treatment to the next level.
The team of University of Victoria’s XCITE Lab are using plastic scintillation detectors to provide real-time, small-field dosimetry in their FLASH radiotherapy experiments.
The HYPERSCINT novel plastic scintillator with spectral analysis approach dosimetry system shows potential for dose measurement in a 74 MeV proton beam with negligible stem effect. The Cerenkov free spectrum may be used to facilitate calibration of the device in MV x-ray beams to improve Cerenkov removal and performance in small field dosimetry.
To build on previous experiments and improve reproducibility of electron FLASH delivery on a conventional linear accelerator, a pulse-gating circuit was constructed and tested with several dosimeters including : a 0.01cc volume ion chamber, optically stimulated luminescence dosimeters (OSLDs), Gafchromic MD film and a novel plastic scintillation detector with spectral analysis (HYPERSCINT).
The goal of this study was to evaluate the nature of the stem effect light produced within an optical fiber, to quantify its composition, and to evaluate the efficiency of the chromatic technique to remove the stem effect. The chromatic stem effect removal technique is accurate in most of the situations. However, noticeable differences were obtained between very specific high-energy irradiation conditions. It would be advantageous to implement an additional channel in the chromatic stem effect removal chain or implement a spectral approach to independently remove the Cerenkov and the fluorescence components from the signal of interest. This would increase the accuracy and versatility of the actual chromatic stem effect removal technique.
The goal of this study was to prove the feasibility of using a single-fiber multipoint plastic scintillation detector as an in vivo verification tool during (192)Ir high-dose-rate brachytherapy treatments. The use of a multipoint plastic scintillation detector for high-dose-rate brachytherapy dosimetry is feasible. This detector shows great promise for development of in vivo applications for real-time verification of treatment delivery.
The goal of this study was to develop a novel multi-point plastic scintillation detector capable of measuring the dose accurately at multiple positions simultaneously using a single optical transmission line. This study demonstrates the practical feasibility of multi-point plastic scintillation detector. This type of detector could be very useful for pre-treatment quality assurance applications as well as an accurate tool for real-time in vivo dosimetry.